نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.
2 دانشیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.
3 دانشیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Continental philosophy has influenced many literary theories, especially phenomenology and hermeneutics, in conjunction with German idealism and romanticism, and based on subjectivism, criticism, traditionalism, historicism, and anti-authoritarianism. Is. The present article shows that in the conflict between the "continental" and "analytical" approaches, continental philosophy is characterized by "literary" and "taste" insights as well as meaning uncertainty, method multiplicity (even antagonism). With the method), distancing oneself from the methods of natural sciences (positivism), existentialism and subject-orientation, is a much more suitable medium and channel for the development and application of literary theories, especially reader-based theories. Therefore, in the present article, while enumerating the common features of continental literature and philosophy, it will be shown that the relationship between philosophy and literary theory is often formed through continental approaches, and reader-centered theories are deeply based on this approach. . It will also be shown that in addition to the political and academic origins that were involved in the emergence of schools such as Constance; Numerous crises of the Enlightenment, including the failure of rationality and the unfortunate consequences of capitalism and the rupture with spiritual and religious affairs, and the macro fading of Christian narratives, have profoundly influenced the formation of reader-centered theories.