نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار فلسفه جدید و معاصر غرب گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه مازندران . بابلسر. ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Philosophers have long pondered methods of epistemology in the form of different approaches. The focus of the challenges in this area is the question of the nature of subject and object as well as how they are related. These issues have led to two general and very diverse currents of idealism and realism. The deconstruction approach, like its predecessor, the structuralism in foundation, is an epistemological approach. Structuralists propounded the concept of structure for passing the dual subject and object. Deconstruction positively and negatively established a comprehensive relationship with structuralism. In the interpretation of this relation in this paper, structure in structuralism is transformed to text in deconstruction. The difference is that, the text is not as rigid as a "structure" and continues to exist in a fluid way. The text as a whole is constantly evolving, eliminating the dual of mind and object. In this way the concept of text acts as a bridge between linguistics and ontology. When Derrida speaks of the text, he means any kind of being. This kind of being includes both the concepts and the outer objects. This interpretation of language by Derrida refers to the foundations of epistemology and ontology of language.